Antibodies

FFAR2 Polyclonal Antibody

Hersteller Biomatik
Kategorie
Typ Antibody Polyclonal
Specific against Human
Menge 100ug
Host Rabbit
ArtNr BM-CAC08435-100ug
eClass 6.1 32160702
eClass 9.0 32160702
Lieferbar
Clonality
Polyclonal
Isotype info
Recombinant human Free fatty acid receptor 2 protein (277-330AA)
Immunogen
ELISA, IHC, IF; Recommended dilution: IHC:1:20-1:200, IF:1:50-1:200
Conjugation
Unconjugated
Alternative Names
Free fatty acid receptor 2, G-protein coupled receptor 43, FFAR2, FFA2, GPCR43, GPR43
UniProt ID
O15552
Purification
>95%, Protein G purified
Storage
-20°C
Expiry Date
1 year
Shipping Condition
Ice packs
Comments
Conjugation service and the corresponding secondary antibody are available.
Technical Notes
G protein-coupled receptor that is activated by a major product of dietary fiber digestion, the short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), and that plays a role in the regulation of whole-body energy homeostasis and in intestinal immunity. In omnivorous mammals, the short chain fatty acids acetate, propionate and butyrate are produced primarily by the gut microbiome that metabolizes dietary fibers. SCFAs serve as a source of energy but also act as signaling molecules. That G protein-coupled receptor is probably coupled to the pertussis toxin-sensitive, G(i/o)-alpha family of G proteins but also to the Gq family (PubMed:12496283, PubMed:12711604, PubMed:23589301). Its activation results in the formation of inositol 1, 4, 5-trisphosphate, the mobilization of intracellular calcium, the phosphorylation of the MAPK3/ERK1 and MAPK1/ERK2 kinases and the inhibition of intracellular cAMP accumulation. May play a role in glucose homeostasis by regulating the secretion of GLP-1, in response to short-chain fatty acids accumulating in the intestine. May also regulate the production of LEP/Leptin, a hormone acting on the central nervous system to inhibit food intake. Finally, may also regulate whole-body energy homeostasis through adipogenesis regulating both differentiation and lipid storage of adipocytes. In parallel to its role in energy homeostasis, may also mediate the activation of the inflammatory and immune responses by SCFA in the intestine, regulating the rapid production of chemokines and cytokines. May also play a role in the resolution of the inflammatory response and control chemotaxis in neutrophils. In addition to SCFAs, may also be activated by the extracellular lectin FCN1 in a process leading to activation of monocytes and inducing the secretion of interleukin-8/IL-8 in response to the presence of microbes (PubMed:21037097). Among SCFAs, the fatty acids containing less than 6 carbons, the most potent activators are probably acetate, propionate and butyrate (PubMed:12496283, PubMed:12711604). Exhibits a SCFA-independent constitutive G protein-coupled receptor activity (PubMed:23066016).
Restriction
For research use only. Not for diagnostic procedures.
Menge: 100ug
Lieferbar: In stock
Listenpreis: 364,54 €
Preis: 364,54 €
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