Comparison

Acti-stain 555 phalloidin

Manufacturer Cytoskeleton
Category
Type Peptides
Specific against other
Amount 1 x 500 ul (300 slides)
Item no. PHDH1-A
eClass 6.1 34160400
eClass 9.0 32160409
Available
Additional info

Product Uses Include

    • Fluorescent staining of actin filaments in fixed tissue sections and tissue culture cells preparations.Note: Unlike many actin antibodies, Acti-stain 555 phalloidin binds only to F-actin resulting in low background fluorescence. Furthermore, actin staining is not appreciably different between species.
    • Preparation of stabilized fluorescent actin filaments in vitro.

      Actin staining is very useful in determining the structure and function of the cytoskeleton in living a nd fixed cells. The actin cytoskeleton is a very dynamic and labile structure in the living cell, but it can be fixed with paraformaldehyde prior to probing or staining for actin structures.

      Material

      Phalloidin is a seven amino acid peptide toxin from the mushroom Amanita phalloides, which binds specifically and with high affinity (Kd 20 nM) to the polymerized form of actin (F-actin). Phalloidin lowers the critical concentration of actin polymerization to less than 1 ug/ml, thereby acting as a polymerization enhancer. Phalloidin has been labeled with a proprietary red fluorescent dye which allows it to be used to stain actin filaments in tissue cultured cells and tissue sections (1, see Figure 1)?and cell-free preparations. Acti-stain 555 phalloidin-labeled actin filaments retain many functional characteristics of unlabeled actin including their ability to interact with myosin. Actin-stain 555 phalloidin is supplied as a red solid.

      Note: Phalloidin is toxic and must be handled with care (LD50 human = 2mg/Kg).

      Example Results and Specifications

      Figure 1. Actin Stress Fibers stained with Acti-stain 555 in a Swiss 3T3 cell.

      Swiss 3T3 cell with activated Rho, nucleus is stained with Dapi (blue) and F-actin is stained with Acti-stain 555 (red F-actin, Cat.# PHDH1).

      Absorbance and fluorescence scan of Acti-stain 555. Labeled phalloidin was diluted into methanol and its absorbance and excitation spectra were scanned between 300-750 and 560-750 nm, respectively. Absorbance peaks at 560 nm and fluorescence at 575 nm.

      Acti-stain phalloidins are the most well characterized phalloidins available. Tabe 1 describes their brightness, photostability, background and affinity constants to F-actin. Compare these performance characteristics to other fluorescent phalloidins and you will see the advantages of using Acti-stain for your actin staining requirements.

      Table 1. Biochemical characteristics of fluorescent phalloidins

      * = AFU's measured by quantitative cell imaging. ** = Measured in stained Swiss 3T3 cells in the absence of antifade.

      For more information about protocols to fix and stain cells click here.

      References

      1. Wulf, E. et al. (1979). Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 76(9):4498-4502.

      2. Kron, S.J. et al. (1991). Meth. Enzmol. 196: 399-416.

      Delivery Time
      1-2 Weeks
      Shipping Temp.
      AT
      Storage on Arrival
      4C
      faqs

      Question 1:  Can I use fluorescently-labeled phalloidin to stain F-actin in living cells?

      Answer 1:  Unfortunately, no, phalloidin cannot be used to stain F-actin in living cells.  Phalloidins are used to stain F-actin in fixed cells.  Fluorescent phalloidins only bind to the native quaternary structure of F-actin which provides a low background.  The correct fixation condition for phalloidin binding is 3.7% (v/v) paraformaldehyde in PBS  for 10 min because it retains the quaternary protein structure which is necessary for high affinity binding of phalloidin.  Methanol fixation destroys the native conformation and hence is not suitable for F-actin staining with phalloidin.  To monitor actin dynamics in living cells, micro-injection of rhodamine-labeled actin (Cat. # APHR or AR05) is recommended.  Please see those datasheets for more information.

       

      Question 2:  Which of the fluorescently-labeled phalloidin is the most stable/brightest?

      Answer 2:  The brightest and most stable of the Acti-stains is Acti-stain 488 (green fluorescence, Cat. # PHDG1)

      Note: The presented information and documents (Manual, Product Datasheet, Safety Datasheet and Certificate of Analysis) correspond to our latest update and should serve for orientational purpose only. We do not guarantee the topicality. We would kindly ask you to make a request for specific requirements, if necessary.

      All products are intended for research use only (RUO). Not for human, veterinary or therapeutic use.

      Amount: 1 x 500 ul (300 slides)
      Available: In stock
      available

      Delivery expected until 6/21/2024 

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